Ethiopia’s federal government and Tigray’s rebel officials reached an agreement in Pretoria on Wednesday, November 2, less than forty-eight hours before the anniversary of the two-year conflict. “Ceasefire” And “Systematic Disarmament”.
Among the key points of the declaration signed by the Ethiopian government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the two parties “ Safeguarding the Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity of Ethiopia”. FPLT fighters will be there “Disarmed, Mobilized and Reintegrated” Follows a specific plan. Both parties agreed “Ethiopian authorities have announced the implementation of interim measures, including the restoration of constitutional order in the Tigray region, a framework for resolving political disputes and a political framework for transitional justice to ensure accountability, truth and reconciliation”.
Government of Ethiopia “It will strengthen its cooperation with humanitarian organizations to continue providing assistance to those in need”. He will too “Continue its efforts to restore public services and rebuild infrastructure in all conflict-affected communities”.
A “capital improvement” according to Washington.
Redwan Hussain, head of the Ethiopian government delegation, and Abiy Ahmed, National Security Adviser to the Prime Minister, praised. “Constructive Engagement” Fighters “To put an end to this tragic event”.
This agreement shows “Bilateral Willingness to Let Go of the Past”Ketachew Reda, who led a delegation of Tigray’s rebel officers, credited his role, saying he believed. “Both parties respect their commitments”.
The international community welcomed the peace agreement. this’“A very welcome first step indeed”, said Antonio Guterres, spokesman for the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General. The African Union, for its part, wants to believe “The Beginning of a New Era for Ethiopia”.
“We salute the important progress made today in Pretoria” US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken was happy for his part “To provide unimpeded humanitarian assistance and protection of civilians as may result from the implementation of this Agreement”.
One of the “world’s deadliest conflicts”.
From October 24, delegations of the Ethiopian federal government and rebel officials in Tigray were launched. Peace talks in Pretoria, under the auspices of the AU, to resolve the two-year-old war in the north of the country.
During the discussions, fighting continued in Tigray, where Ethiopian federal troops have been advancing since mid-October, backed by the Eritrean army and forces and militias from the neighboring Amhara and Afar regions.
Supported by artillery and aerial bombardment, The Ethiopian army and its allies have recently captured several towns The importance of rebel territory since fighting resumed on 24 August.
Journalists have no access to northern Ethiopia and communications there are disrupted, making independent verification impossible. The number of abuses and conflicts that often take place behind closed doors is unknown, but the International Crisis Group (ICG) and Amnesty International (AI) describe it. “One of the deadliest in the world”.
“All parties are responsible for serious violations, including war crimes and crimes against humanity, including the summary execution of hundreds of individuals and sexual violence against women and girls”Amnesty International said on Wednesday.
Two million were displaced
The war has caused a humanitarian catastrophe in northern Ethiopia, displacing more than two million Ethiopians and plunging hundreds of thousands into near-famine conditions, the UN said.
Friday 28 October UN Human Rights Council “A very dark picture is painted” The situation of Tigray, almost cut off from the world, is particularly noteworthy “Access restriction to food, medicine and basic services”. Tigray has been without electricity, telecommunications and banking services for over a year.
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