Death of Leonid Krovchuk, the first President of Independence

“He knew the price of freedom and wished peace to Ukraine wholeheartedly. Let’s do it, let’s win.” He died Tuesday at the age of 88 Full Invasion Russe. One of the graves of the Soviet Union, he, as the first president of independent Ukraine, returned to Moscow with nuclear weapons obtained from the Third Soviet Union in the world.

“Leonid Kravzuk is not only a politician and a historian, but also a man who knows how to find the right words for all Ukrainians to listen to him,” the Ukrainian president replied, “about the man who knew World War II” the world and the industry.

Political sentiment but popular discontent

A man with gray hair and a smile, Leonid Kravzuk was known for his political intelligence, however, this did not save him from popular discontent. In August 1991, the then leader of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Ukraine succeeded in persuading the Communist majority in parliament to declare independence for Ukraine within days.

A few months later, he was easily elected President of independent Ukraine in the first round, playing the compromise card between the Communists and the nationalists, earning the nickname “cunning fox” on this occasion.

Later, on December 8, 1991, Leonid Kravzuk signed the Death Order of the Soviet Empire with Soviet Russia and Belarus, Boris Yeltsin and Stanislav Tsukovich, and began arranging for the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Born into a farming family in the Rivne region in 1934, and then into Poland, Leonid Kravtsov patiently rose to the top of the Soviet ranks until then, thanks to the long life of a bureaucracy. A graduate of the Communist Party’s special school, he was in the party’s propaganda department for thirty years.

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Missed opportunity

Leonid Kuchma’s victory in the Ukrainian presidential election, deeply linked to the communist organization, is seen by many as a missed opportunity for Ukraine. In particular, following in the footsteps of the Baltic states or Poland on the path to European integration and economic growth.

During his reign, from 1992 to 1994, the inflation rate in Ukraine exceeded 1000%, corruption scandals were common and dozens of banks went bankrupt, making the quality of life in the former Soviet republic one of the most privileged. .

As a symbol of this era, the two-wheeled shopping bag that the Ukrainians brought their goods to market will get the nickname “Kravtschouchka”.

At the same time, independent Ukraine finds itself under pressure from Moscow and Washington. Fearing a possible catastrophe, both powers forced kyiv to surrender nuclear weapons obtained from the Soviet Union in exchange for Western security guarantees.

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was signed in Moscow on January 19, 1994 by US Presidents US, Russian and Ukrainian Presidents Bill Clinton, Boris Yeltsin and Leonid Krovchuk. -AFP

Decision to invade Ukraine

Dozens of ballistic missiles and strategic bombers have returned to Moscow. While this may seem harmless for a long time, after the outbreak of a war between Kiev and pro-Russian separatists with the annexation of Crimea in 2014 with the support of Moscow, some observers consider it a serious mistake.

Since then, Leonid Kravzuk’s reputation has plummeted. In 1994, a political crisis forced him to call an early presidential election, losing to his former prime minister, Leonid Kuchma, whom he considered pro-Russian.

The next elected MP, Leonid Kravtsov, will continue his political career without much success until 2006, when he loses his mandate in the Ukrainian Rada (parliament).

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He will briefly return to the political scene in 2020 and accept the offer of President Volodymyr Zhelensky to become one of the Ukrainian negotiators with Russia on resolving the conflict in the east of the country.

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