The new constitution was accepted by more than 94% of the people

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According to preliminary official results, 94.6% of Tunisian voters who went to the polls voted “yes” to the adoption of the new constitution proposed by President Kaïs Saïed. A half-hearted victory due to a very strong poll.

President Qais Syed Victory was achieved on Tuesday 26 July with the majority adoption of a new constitution. Young Tunisian DemocracyBut the low turnout undermines the legitimacy of the process, according to its opponents.

The new constitution was approved by a 94.6% majority, according to preliminary official results announced late Tuesday by Election Commission Chairman Farooq Bouskar after lengthy counting procedures. The participation rate, which is considered very low, has increased slightly in comparison For provisional figures announced the previous day“2.756 million voters” or 30.5% of registered voters, against 2.46 million voters and a 27.54% turnout reported the day before.

Mr. The Front to Salute National (FSN), an opposition coalition that condemned the “tailor-made” slogan for Saeed and called for a boycott of the ballot, accused the IC of “falsifying” the voter turnout. . For the FSN, which includes Ennahda, an Islamist-inspired movement, Mr. “75% of Tunisians have refused to give their approval to the putschist plan launched by Ghiz Syed a year ago,” said Syed’s pet, without going to the polls.

Severe economic crisis

Tunisia, which is facing a worsening economic crisis due to Covid and the war in Ukraine, has been democratically elected in 2019. Sayeed has been highly polarized since taking over all the powers on 25 July 2021. The country is ungovernable.

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In its first foreign stance on the controversial referendum, the United States warned that the constitution does not adequately guarantee the rights and freedoms of Tunisians. “The new constitution includes weak checks and balances that could compromise the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms,” said US State Department spokesman Ned Price.

Horns and vines

Hundreds of the president’s supporters descended on Bourguiba Avenue in central Tunis to celebrate “his victory” as the independent polling firm Sigma Conseil’s estimates were released on Monday evening. Around 1pm GMT, Qais Saeed appeared before a jubilant crowd. “Tunisia has entered a new phase,” he said, promising that the constitution would make it possible to move “from a situation of despair to a situation of hope.”

The new constitution supersedes the parliamentary system in place since 2014 and gives the head of state vast prerogatives. The impeachable president can appoint the head of government and ministers and dismiss them as he pleases. He can present “priority” legislative texts to Parliament. The second chamber represents the regions as a counterweight to the current House of Representatives (Deputies).

Zadok Beloyd, Mr. Commissioned by Sayed to produce a draft constitution, he rejected the final text, believing it would “pave the way for authoritarian rule”.

Very limited checks and balances

Human rights defenders and the opposition decry the text’s lack of checks and balances and safeguards.

Qais Syed, 64, considers it an extension of the “revision of certainty” that began on July 25, 2021, before dismissing his prime minister and dissolving parliament in March, citing political and economic obstacles. For many experts, Mr. Saeed’s political future depends on his ability to revive the economy in a disastrous situation with very high unemployment, declining purchasing power and a growing number of poor.

With AFP

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